The life and history of marcus tulius cicero

His father, Marcus Tullius Cicero, was an equestrian while his mother, Helvia was a good organiser. Being in Rome also offered far better future prospects than living in the provinces. He now lodged with Scaevola. Roscio Comoedo on behalf of his friend, the comic actor Roscius, who was seeking compensation after a slave that he was teaching to be an actor was killed.

The life and history of marcus tulius cicero

He belonged to the tribus Cornelia. However, being a semi-invalid, he could not enter public life and studied extensively to compensate. Although little is known about Cicero's mother, Helvia, it was common for the wives of important Roman citizens to be responsible for the management of the household.

Cicero's brother Quintus wrote in a letter that she was a thrifty housewife. Plutarch explains that the name was originally given to one of Cicero's ancestors who had a cleft in the tip of his nose resembling a chickpea.

However, it is more likely that Cicero's ancestors prospered through the cultivation and sale of chickpeas. The famous family names of FabiusLentulusand Piso come from the Latin names of beans, lentils, and peas, respectively. Plutarch writes that Cicero was urged to change this deprecatory name when he entered politics, but refused, saying that he would make Cicero more glorious than Scaurus "Swollen-ankled" and Catulus "Puppy".

Cicero was therefore educated in the teachings of the ancient Greek philosophers, poets and historians; as he obtained much of his understanding of the theory and practice of rhetoric from the Greek poet Archias [17] and from the Greek rhetorician Apollonius.

It was precisely his broad education that tied him to the traditional Roman elite. The latter two became Cicero's friends for life, and Pomponius who later received the nickname "Atticus", and whose sister married Cicero's brother would become, in Cicero's own words, "as a second brother", with both maintaining a lifelong correspondence.

In 90—88 BC, he served both Pompeius Strabo and Lucius Cornelius Sulla as they campaigned in the Social Warthough he had no taste for military life, being an intellectual first and foremost. Cicero started his career as a lawyer around 83—81 BC.

His first major case, of which a written record is still extant, was his 80 BC defense of Sextus Roscius on the charge of patricide. At this time it would have been easy for Sulla to have the unknown Cicero murdered. Cicero's defense was an indirect challenge to the dictator Sulla, and on the strength of his case, Roscius was acquitted.

The first part detailed exactly the charge brought by Ericius. Cicero explained how a rustic son of a farmer, who lives off the pleasures of his own land, would not have gained anything from committing patricide because he would have eventually inherited his father's land anyway.

The second part concerned the boldness and greed of two of the accusers, Magnus and Capito. Cicero told the jury that they were the more likely perpetrators of murder because the two were greedy, both for conspiring together against a fellow kinsman and, in particular, Magnus, for his boldness and for being unashamed to appear in court to support the false charges.

The life and history of marcus tulius cicero

The third part explained that Chrysogonus had immense political power, and the accusation was successfully made due to that power. Even though Chrysogonus may not have been what Cicero said he was, through rhetoric Cicero successfully made him appear to be a foreign freed man who prospered by devious means in the aftermath of the civil war.

Cicero surmised that it showed what kind of a person he was and that something like murder was not beneath him.

The life and history of marcus tulius cicero

Cicero, "inspired by an extraordinary zeal for philosophy", [28] sat enthusiastically at his feet and absorbed Plato's philosophy.

Cicero said of Plato's Dialogues, that if Zeus were to speak, he would use their language. This was perhaps to avoid the potential wrath of Sulla, [30] though Cicero himself says it was to hone his skills and improve his physical fitness. Cicero then journeyed to Rhodes to meet his former teacher, Apollonius Molonwho had previously taught him in Rome.

Molon helped Cicero hone the excesses in his style, as well as train his body and lungs for the demands of public speaking.

According to the upper class mores of the day it was a marriage of convenience, but lasted harmoniously for nearly 30 years. Terentia's family was wealthy, probably the plebeian noble house of Terenti Varrones, thus meeting the needs of Cicero's political ambitions in both economic and social terms.

She had a half-sister named Fabia, who as a child had become a Vestal Virgina very great honour. Terentia was a strong willed woman and citing Plutarch "she took more interest in her husband's political career than she allowed him to take in household affairs.

He complained to his friends that Terentia had betrayed him but did not specify in which sense.Book digitized by Google from the library of Harvard University and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb.

MARCUS TULLIUS CICERO From Marcus Tullius Cicero: Seven Orations, edited by Walter B. Gunnison and Walter S. Harley (Silver, Burdett and Company)() 1. Early Life. - Marcus Tullius Cicero, the foremost Roman orator and writer, was born Jan. 3, B.C.

Aug 21,  · Watch video · Cicero: Early Life, Education, Entry into Politics. Marcus Tullius Cicero was born in the hill town of Arpinum, about 60 miles southeast of Rome. Cicero was born in Arpinum, a hill town km southeast of Rome.

His father belonged to the equestrian order and possessed good connections in Rome. Little is known about his mother, Of Birth: Arpinum, Roman Republic, modern Arpino, Lazio, Italy.

Marcus Tullius Cicero was born on January 3, B.C.E., at Arpinum near Rome, the oldest son of a wealthy landowner, also named Marcus Tullius Cicero. At a young age Cicero began studying the writings in his father's library.

Marcus Tullius Cicero: Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman statesman, lawyer, scholar, and writer who vainly tried to uphold republican principles in the final civil wars that destroyed the Roman Republic. He is remembered in modern times as the greatest Roman orator and the innovator of what became known as Ciceronian rhetoric.

Cicero Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline