When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
There are two major types of annotated bibliographies: Descriptive or informative Top Descriptive or informative A descriptive or informative annotated bibliography describes or summarizes a source as does an abstract, it describes why the source is useful for researching a particular topic or question, its distinctive features.
In addition, it describes the author's main arguments and conclusions without evaluating what the author says or concludes. Economist,9. The author points out that skepticism of new media have gone back to the time of the ancient Greeks, so this controversy surrounding video games is nothing new.
The article also points out that most critics of gaming are people over 40 and it is an issue of generations not understanding one another, rather than of the games themselves.
As the youth of today grow older, the controversy will die out, according to the author. The author of this article stresses the age factor over violence as the real reason for opposition to video games and stresses the good gaming has done in most areas of human life.
This article is distinctive in exploring the controversy surrounding video games from a generational standpoint and is written for a general audience.
Please pay attention to the last sentence. While it points out distinctive features about the item it does not analyze the author's conclusions. Top Analytical or critical An analytical or critical annotation not only summarizes the material, it analyzes what is being said.
It examines the strengths and weaknesses of what is presented as well as describing the applicability of the author's conclusions to the research being conducted. For most of your annotated bibliographies, however, you will be writing analytical or critical annotations. The article points out that most critics of gaming are people over 40 and it is an issue of age not of the games themselves.
While the author briefly mentions studies done around the issue of violence and gaming, he does not go into enough depth for the reader to truly know the range of studies that have actually been done in this area, other than to take his word that the research is unsatisfactory.
This article is a good resource for those wanting to begin to explore the controversy surrounding video games, however for anyone doing serious research, one should actually examine some of the research studies that have been done in this area rather than simply take the author's word that opposition to video games is simply due to an issue of generational divide.
It criticizes the author's research. Please note that in these samples, the citations follow the APA format. Your instructor may require you to use another citation format, such as MLA, so check first.
To get started Now you are ready to begin writing your own annotated bibliography. This involves doing research much like for any other project. Locate records to materials that may apply to your topic.
Article abstracts are helpful in this process. Depending on the type of annotated bibliography you are writing, you will want to include: The purpose of the work A summary of its content Information about the author s For what type of audience the work is written Its relevance to the topic Any special or unique features about the material Research methodology The strengths, weaknesses or biases in the material Annotated bibliographies may be arranged alphabetically or chronologically, check with your instructor to see what he or she prefers.At the mention of it, annotated bibliographies sound like an abstract thing.
However, if you know how to write a reference page or works cited page, then writing an annotated bibliography will be an easy task. An APA format bibliography is an alphabetical listing of all sources that might be used to write a paper, essay, article or research paper.
In some cases, your instructor may require you to hand in a bibliography with your final paper. Write the citation and annotation When writing your annotation, the complete citation should always come first and the annotation follows.
Depending on the type . What is an annotated bibliography? An annotated bibliography is an organized list of sources (like a reference list). It differs from a straightforward bibliography in that each reference is followed by a paragraph length annotation, usually – words in length.
If you are using a bibliography tool, like EasyBib’s APA citation machine, make sure you are citing a newspaper article – not a website! Magazines A magazine is a periodical that often contains text and/or graphics that revolve around a specific topic or subject.
This APA Citation Guide, revised according to the 6th edition of the APA manual, provides the general format for in-text citations and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed.).