Researching to gather information and then organizing this information will be two of the first tasks to complete.
Leah McClellan A lot of beginner writers and even more experienced writers wonder: Structural editing, line editing, project editing, technical editing, and fact checking. Even proofreading is sometimes erroneously called editing, although there is such a thing as editorial proofreading.
And every writer should have a good understanding of the editing and proofreading process. Even if you never hire or work with an editor or proofreader, you should be taking care of these steps yourself. And chances are good you already are.
Stages of writing Editing is probably the most confusing concept whereas copyediting and proofreading are fairly specific.
Any type of writing ideally goes through four stages in order: Editing definitions are confusing partly because of the overlap with writing early in the editing process. And later, a bit of a blur occurs between final copyediting and proofreading.
Plus, professionals use terms in their own way, and that might be different from the ways others use them. Publishing houses, editorial service companies, and freelancers all have their own definitions within certain boundaries.
For example, developmental and substantive editing are often used interchangeably. And copyediting is usually synonymous with line editing—but not always. This stage is most often called developmental or substantive editing.
Developmental or substantive editing Think of a novel. The first step in the editing process is developmental editing, sometimes called substantive editing.
During this process, editors review the entire manuscript from a broad perspective and suggest improvements in organization, structure, and consistency.
They might also point out problems with characterization, point of view, tension, or conflict. Or maybe the story has too much dialogue or the setting needs more detail. This applies to non-fiction writing as well. And bloggers, by the way, do the same thing with their blog posts, especially the lengthy epic posts.
The big picture has to be in place before detailed editing can begin. Developmental editing can blend into substantive editing, which focuses on the finer points of structure: Substantive editing can also refer to heavy copyediting discussed belowand it can mean almost a complete rewrite at the sentence and paragraph level.
Organizing your information and refining your focus is also a part of this stage. Copyediting Also called line editing, copyediting takes place mainly at the sentence level. It means correcting grammar, spelling, and punctuation. Awkward sentences are reworded, and verbiage is eliminated for conciseness.
Excess passive verbs are exchanged for active verbs, and transitions might be added in between and within paragraphs. Style issues can also be a focus during this stage. In my own writing, for example even in this blog postI have a tendency to use formal, academic language even when I want a casual tone.
Consistency issues are also checked such as capitalization, hyphenation, and numbers spelled out or represented as numerals four vs.Business Proofreading Website Editing The Student's Guide to Grammar and Punctuation.
Written by Chandra Clarke. Have free writing advice and grammar tips sent straight to your inbox every month.
|Business Writing: Proofreading Tips||Contact Us Grammar and Spelling Tips for Business Signs, Menus and Cards When you print a sign, menu, card, or other written document for your business, you should pay attention to the grammar and spelling contained within your communication. Well-written marketing material may not necessarily impress customers, but error-riddled writing that has not been checked by a professional proofreading and editing service can certainly make would-be buyers go somewhere else.|
@. Improve your writing and grammar skills with GrammarCheck, a Web site that teaches you grammar principles and tips for writing more schwenkreis.com GrammarCheck, you'll learn something new or reinforce what you already know—right at your desk..
Begin Your Free Grammar Search Here. The ability to communicate clearly through your writing has become more important than ever in today’s lightning-fast business environment. In fact, hiring managers say they specifically look for people with superior writing skills when they are hiring new employees.
We welcome feedback about these handouts and suggestions for additional handouts. Please email us or call us with your ideas. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.
Business Grammar & Proofreading is a new one-day workshop that features a phenomenal, “no-fear approach” to business grammar and proofreading skills. This skill-packed program has been designed for busy professionals like you who want a super-fast, easy way to brush up on grammar, spelling, proofreading, and business usage.