Senatethe President of the United States negotiates treaties with foreign nations, but treaties enter into force if ratified by two-thirds of the Senate. Both the Secretary of State and ambassadors are appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate. The United States Secretary of State acts similarly to a foreign minister and under Executive leadership is the primary conductor of state-to-state diplomacy. Powers of the Congress[ edit ] The U.
While Americans were girding to fight the Civil War inthe French were beginning a century-long imperial involvement in Indochina. The lands now known as Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia comprised Indochina.
The riches to be harvested in these lands proved economically enticing to the French. Ho was educated in the West, where he became a disciple of Marxist thought.
Ho resented and resisted the French. Ho formed a liberation movement known as the Viet Minh. Using guerrilla warfare, the Viet Minh battled the Japanese and held many key cities by Paraphrasing the Declaration of Independence, Ho proclaimed the new nation of Vietnam — a new nation Western powers refused to recognize.
France was determined to reclaim all its territories after World War II. The United States now faced an interesting dilemma. American tradition dictated sympathy for the revolutionaries over any colonial power.
However, supporting the Marxist Viet Minh was unthinkable, given the new strategy of containing communism. Domino Theory American diplomats subscribed to the domino theory. A communist victory in Vietnam might lead to communist victories in Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Such a scenario was unthinkable to the makers of American foreign policy.
President Truman decided to support France in its efforts to reclaim Indochina by providing money and military advisers.
The French found Ho Chi Minh a formidable adversary. Between and a fierce war developed between the two sides. Slowly but surely, the Viet Minh wore down the French will to fight.
Negotiations to end the conflict took place in Geneva.
A multinational agreement divided Vietnam at the 17th parallel. The territory north of this line would be led by Ho Chi Minh with Hanoi its capital.
The southern sector named Saigon its capital and Ngo Dinh Diem its leader. This division was meant to be temporary, with nationwide elections scheduled for Knowing that Ho Chi Minh would be a sure victor, the South made sure these elections were never held.
During the administrations of Eisenhower and Kennedy, the United States continued to supply funds, weapons, and military advisers to South Vietnam.
Ho Chi Minh turned North Vietnam into a communist dictatorship and created a new band of guerrillas in the South called the Viet Cong, whose sole purpose was to overthrow the military regime in the South and reunite the nation under Ho Chi Minh. Diem was corrupt, showed little commitment to democratic principles, and favored Catholics to the dismay of the Buddhist majority.
He had successfully won the hearts and minds of the majority of the Vietnamese people. By the time Lyndon Johnson inherited the Presidency, Vietnam was a bitterly divided nation. The United States would soon too be divided on what to do in Vietnam. French Imperialism in Vietnam During the late nineteenth century, the European powers carved up Southeast Asia into colonies.
France captured Vietnam, but never had full control over the countries. Check out this brief history of the French occupation of the country and the native resistance that forced them out.
C by an organization of Vietnam Veterans who perform humanitarian projects in Vietnam. The history really is brief — useful mainly for dates and names of dynasties and leaders.The United States provided financial support to France's fight against Ho Chi Minh and the Viet Minh from the s until direct U.S.
involvement. While Americans were girding to fight the Civil War in , the French were beginning a century-long imperial involvement in Indochina. Major Wars and Conflicts of The 20th Century.
Australian troops in Vietnam. Major Wars and Conflicts of The 20th Century. The 20th Century was the bloodiest, costliest century of warfare in human history. The Vietnam War pitted communist North Vietnam and the Viet Cong against South Vietnam and the United States. The war ended when U.S.
forces withdrew in and Vietnam unified under Communist. Students will be able to evaluate the reasons why America became involved in World War I, World War II, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the Persian Gulf War, by applying the theories of the different thinkers to the different 20th century conflicts and using these theories to explain America’s rationale for becoming involved.
A United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe () Korean War This was a national conflict in an Asian country aided by Russia in . Henry Luce and 20th Century U.S. Internationalism. During the middle of the 20th century, Henry R.
Luce (–) became one of the most influential American advocates for internationalism among figures working in the private sector.
The founder of Time, Life, and Fortune magazines, Luce presented a powerful vision of the United States leading .